Moon Goddess’ from most cultures

The Moon Goddesses are important in many cultures around the world where they form a central role in mythology. The moon is associated with the divine femine as in many tribal societies the feminine cycles were linked to the phases of the moon. The Moon was important in ancient calendars, helping people to measure time and to determine when the best time was for planting and harvesting crops. This fertility aspect of the lunar Goddess is reflected in large numbers of the entries below.

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Many of the lunar Goddesses, like Hecate and Cerridwen are also associated with magic and the intuitive nature of women.

Night Deities are great to do a trio with a moon and star goddess for a triple goddess ritual!

Aega (Greek) – A beautiful moon deity. Her mother Gaia, the ancient earth Goddess, hid her in a cave during a Titan attack on the Olympic deities to prevent her from being taken away.

Aine(Celtic) – Goddess of love, growth, cattle and light. The name of this Celtic Goddess means “bright” as she lights up the dark. Celebrations to this Goddess were held on Midsummer night

Anahita (Persian) – A river Goddess who was also Goddess of Venus and the moon. Her name means “pure” Or immaculate one” as she represented the cleansing and fertilizing flow of the cosmos.

Andromeda (Greek) – Although today she is linked with the stars many scholars believe that Andromeda was a pre-Hellenic moon deity.

Anunit (Babylonian) – Goddess of the moon and battle. She was also associated with the evening star and later became known as Ishtar.

Arianrhod (Celtic) – Goddess of the moon and stars, her name means “silver- wheel” the wheel of the year and the web of fate.

Artemis (Greek) – The Greek Goddess of the hunt, nature and birth. This maiden Goddess is symbolized by the crescent moon.

Arawa (African) – Lunar Goddess of the Suk and Pokot tribes of Kenya and Uganda. Her parents were the creator God Tororut and his consort Seta.

Athenesic (Native North American) – A moon Goddess of several north central Native American tribes,

Auchimalgen (South American) – This moon Goddess was a Deity of divination and a protectress from evil spirits.

Bendis (Greek) – Bendis was the consort of the sun God Sabazius. Her cult flourished in Athens during the fifth century BCE.

Britomartis (Crete) – In addition to her lunar attributes she was also the patron Goddess of Cretan sailors.

Candi (Indian) – The female counterpart to Chandra, ancient Hindu lord of the Moon. The two were said to take turns: one month the Candi would become the moon and the next Chandra fulfill the role.

Cerridwen (Celtic) – This crone, Goddess is most famous for her cauldron of wisdom. She was the mother of the great bard Taliesin, and is deeply linked to the image of the waning moon.

Chang- O (Chinese) – The Chinese Goddess who lived on the moon She is celebrated to this day on full moon night of the 8th lunar month.

Coyolxauhqui (Aztec) – Aztec moon Goddess, her name means “Golden Bells.” She was the daughter of the Earth goddess, Coatlicue and the sister of the Sun god, Huitzilopochtli

Dae-Soon (Korean) – Moon Goddess

Diana (Roman) – Diana was the Goddess of the hunt and wild animals. She later took over from Luna as the Roman Goddess of the moon, responsible for fertility and childbirth.

Gnatoo (Japanese) – One of twelve Buddhist deities called the Jiu No O, adopted from Hindu mythology.

Gwaten (Hindu) – She is derived from the Hindu God Soma, and is portrayed as a woman holding in her right hand, a disk symbolizing the Moon.

Epona (Roman/Celtic) – This horse Goddess was associated with the night and dreams. In western Ireland,legends still abound of hearing the hoof-beats of her horse as she rides west to escape the rays of the rising sun. She was also a Goddess of magic, fertility and feminine power.

Hanwi (Native North American) – Goddess of the Oglala Sioux, she once lived with the sun God Wi. Due to a transgression, she was forced by him to become a creature of the night.

Hecate (Greek) – A crone Moon Goddess, deeply associated with the waning and dark moons. She is depicted as haunting crossroads with her two large hounds, and carrying a torch, symbolic of her great wisdom.

Hina Hine (Polynesian) – This Hawaiian Goddesses name means ‘woman who works the moon’. In her myths it is said that she grew tired of working for her brother and fled to the moon to live in peace.

Hina-Ika (“lady of the fish”) Once again we see the link between the lunar Goddess to the tides.

Huitaco (South American) – This Colombian Goddess was a protectress of women as well as a deity of pleasure and happiness who was always battling with her male counterpart Bochica, a God of hard work and sorrow.

The crescent as a neo-pagan symbol of the Trip...

The crescent as a neo-pagan symbol of the Triple Goddess. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Ishtar (Babylonian) – Some myths say she is the daughter of the moon, others the mother.

Isis (Egyptian) – This powerful and widely worshipped Goddess was not only a moon deity, but a Goddess of the sun as well.

Ix Chel (Mayan) – A Central American moon Goddess and the lover of the sun. Poisonous snakes were her totem animal. She was also Goddess of childbirth

Izanami (Japanese) – This Goddess controlled the tides, fishing, and all destructive sea phenomena

Jezanna (Central African) – Goddess of the moon and healing.

Juna (Roman)- A Goddess of the new moon . She was worshipped mainly by women as she was the Goddess of marriage, pregnancy and childbirth. Her Greek equivalent was Hera.

Jyotsna (Indian) – A Hindu Goddess of twilight and the autumn moons.

Komorkis (Native North American) – The Blackfoot tribe celebrated her as the Goddess of the moon.

Kuan Yin (Chinese) – A Buddhist Goddess. Modern feminist Pagans believe she far pre-dates Buddhist origins. She was a Goddess of the moon, compassion, and healing,

Lasya (Tibetan) – A Goddess of the moon and beauty who carried a mirror.

Lucina (Roman) – A Goddess of light with both solar and lunar attributes. She was Christianized as St. Lucia, a saint still honored at Yule in many parts of Europe.

Luna (Roman) – An ancient moon Goddess, the namesake for the Latin word luna meaning ‘moon’. Her name also forms the root of the English words ‘lunar’ and ‘lunatic’.

Mama Quilla (Inkan) – As the Goddess of the moon she was the protectress of married women. A large temple to her was erected at the Inkan capitol of Cuzco. She was associated with the metal silver. Eclipses were said to occur when she was eaten and the regurgitated by the Jaguar Woman.

Mawu (African) – She ruled the sky with her twin bother, the sun God Lisa. To her people she symbolized both wisdom and knowledge.

Metzli (Aztec) – In Aztec mythology mother moon leapt into a blazing fire and gave birth to the sun and the sky.

Rhiannon (Celtic) – A Goddess of fertility, the moon, night, and death. Her name means ‘night queen’. She is also known as Rigantona.

Sadarnuna(Sumerian) – Goddess of the new moon

Sarpandit (Sumerian) – Goddess of moonrise. This pregnant Goddess’s name means “silver shining” referring to the reflective quality of the moon.

Sefkhet (Egyptian) – According to some myths this lunar Goddess was the wife of Thoth. She was also the deity of time, the stars, and architecture.

Selene (Greek) – A mother Goddess linked to the full moon. She is widely worshipped by Pagans today,

Sina (Polynesian) – This moon Goddess was the sister of the sun God Maui. She was sometimes called Ina.

Teczistecatl (Aztec) – A Goddess of sex, symbolized by the four phases of the moon: dark, waxing, full, and waning.

Xochhiquetzal (Aztec) – This magical moon Goddess was the deity of flowers, spring, sex, love, and marriage. She was the wife of storm God Tlaloc. She is also the patroness of artisans, prostitutes, pregnant women and birth.

Yemanja (Native South American) – She was the Brazilian Goddess of the oceans symbolized by a waxing crescent moon. Yemanja was also considered to represent the essence of motherhood and a protector of children.

Yolkai Estsan (Native North American) – A Navajo moon deity fashioned from an abalone shell by her sister Yolkai, the Goddess of the sky. She was the Navaho Goddess of the earth and the seasons, and is also known as White Shell Woman.

Zirna (Etruscan)- A Goddess of the waxing moon. She is always depicted with a half-moon hanging from her neck, indicating that she was probably honored at the beginning of the second quarter phase of the moon.

Witch calender events for 2014

Pagans and Wiccans love to celebrate, and as the Wheel of the Year turns, a number of milestones are reached. Each is a time for gathering together with friends and family, working on our spiritual development, and feasting and merrymaking! The following is a list of dates for 2014, as well as resources for celebration in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.

***Please note that the full moon dates and times are based upon the Farmer’s Almanac schedules, which is listed in Eastern Standard Time.

 January

1st: New Moon 11:15 am , Hag’s Day – Honoring the Goddess as she who transforms!, New years Day, Birthday of folklorist Sir James Frazier, 1854

6th: Triple Goddess Day- Honoring the Goddess as the three-in-one, Also the Day Of The Lord of the Dance Honoring shiva, seeking his aid for prosperity  and wisdom in the new year, and also a spouse if desired.

8th: 1st Quarter moon 3:40am

13th: Last of Austria’s witchcraft laws repealed in 1787

16th: Full moon 4:53

18th:Day of Danu- celebrating the Great Goddess who shows the way.

19th: Birthday of Dorothy Clutterbuck

20th: Celtic Tree Month of Birch ends

21st: Celtic Tree Month of Rowan begins

24th: Last Quarter Moon 5:20

25th: Birthday of poet Robert Burns, 1759

28th: Up Helly Aa celebration, Shetland Islands, Scotland

30th: New Moon 11:39 pm, Birthday of Z Budapest, founder of Dianic Wicca

February

2nd: Imbolc, & Lammas or Lughnasadh (Southern Hemisphere), Roman celebration of Februalia

6th: First Quarter Moon 7:23pm

12th: Death of Gerald Gardner in 1964

14th: Valentine’s Day & Full moon, Quickening Moon at 6:53 pm

15th: Lupercalia, Pan’s day-Honoring the lord of the wilderness

17th: Celtic Tree Month of Rowan ends

18th: Celtic Tree Month of Ash begins

21st: Birthday of author Patricia Telesco

22: Birthday of author Sybil Leek

28th: Cake Day- offering little cakes to the God and Goddess and remembering your ancestors.

March

1st: New Moon 8:00 am, Matronalia, the Festival of Women

6th: Birthday of “official witch of Salem” Laurie Cabot in 1933

8th: First Quarter Moon 1:27pm

16th: Full moon — Storm Moon at 1:08 pm

17th: St. Patrick’s Day, Celtic Tree Month of Ash ends

18th: Celtic Tree Month of Alder begins

20th: Beginning of Spring, Ostara, Mabon (Southern Hemisphere)

26th: Birthday of author and folklorist Joseph Campbell

28th: Death of author Scott Cunningham in 1993

30th: New Moon 6:45pm

April

6th: National Tartan Day

7th: First Quarter Moon 8:27am

14th: Celtic Tree Month of Alder ends

15th: Full moon — Wind Moon at 3:42 am, Celtic Tree Month of Willow begins,

16th: Birthday of author Margot Adler

22nd: Earth Day

23rd: Wiccan pentacle is officially added to the list of VA-approved emblems for gravestones,07

29th: New Moon 6:15am

30th: Walpurgisnacht celebrated by German witches

May

1st: Beltane, Samhain (Southern Hemisphere)

5th: Cinco de Mayo

7th First Quarter Moon 3:16am

11th: Mother’s Day

12th: Celtic Tree Month of Willow ends

13th: Celtic Tree Month of Hawthorn begins

14th: Full moon 3:16 pm

21st: Last Quarter Moon 1:00pm

28th: New Moon 6:14 am

June

1st: England’s Witchcraft Act of 1563 goes into effect

5th: First Quarter Moon 8:39pm

9th: Celtic Tree Month of Hawthorn ends

10th: Celtic Tree Month of Oak begins, Hanging of Bridget Bishop, first victim in the Salem Witch Trials

13th: Full moon 12:11 am, 13th: Birthday of Gerald Gardner in 1884

15th: Father’s Day

17th: Birthday of Wiccan author Starhawk

19th: Last Quarter Moon 6:39pm

21st: Beginning of Summer, Summer Solstice Sabbat Midsummer A.k.a Litha, Yule (Southern Hemisphere)

22nd: England’s last Witchcraft Law is repealed in 1951

27th: New Moon 8:09 am, Birthday of author Scott Cunningham in 1956

 

July

4th: Independence Day

5th: First Quarter Moon 12:00am

7th: Celtic Tree Month of Oak ends

8th: Celtic Tree Month of Holly begins

12th: Full moon 7:25 am

13th: Birthday of Dr. John Dee in 1527

19th: Last Quarter Moon 2:09am, Rebecca Nurse is hanged in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692

26th: New Moon 10:42 pm

August

1st: Lammas or Lughnasadh, Imbolc (Southern Hemisphere), Birthday of medium Edward Kelley, 1555

2nd – 4th: Dublin Irish Festival (Dublin, OH)

4th: First Quarter Moon, Moon Celtic Tree Month of Holly ends

5th: Celtic Tree Month of Hazel begins

10th: Full Moon — Corn Moon at 2:09 pm

15th: Birthday of Charles Leland, folklorist and author, 1824

17th: Last Quarter Moon

20th: Birthday of author Ann Moura in 1947

25th: New Moon 2:13 pm

31st: Birthday of author Raymond Buckland

September

1st: Celtic Tree Month of Hazel ends

2nd: First Quarter Moon, Celtic Tree Month of Vine begins

9th: Full Moon

10th: Birthday of Carl Llewellyn Weschcke

14th: Birthday of Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa in 1486, Birthday of author Ellen Dugan

17th: Television welcomes Bewitched in 1964

21st: International Day of Peace

23rd: Fall Begins, Fall Equinox or Mabon, Ostara (Southern Hemisphere)

24th: New Moon

29th: Celtic Tree Month of Vine ends

30th: Celtic Tree Month of Ivy begins

 

October

1st: Birthday of Isaac Bonewits, founder of Ár nDraíocht Féin

8th: Full moon

12th: Birthday of occultist Aleister Crowley, 1875

18th: Birthday of Nicholas Culpeper, noted herbalist, in 1616

20th: Birthday of Selena Fox of Circle Sanctuary

23rd: New Moon

27th: Celtic Tree Month of Ivy ends

28th: Celtic Tree Month of Reed begins

31st: First Quarter Moon, Samhain, Beltane (Southern Hemisphere), Day Of the Dead, Halloween, Covenant of the Goddess formed in 1975

November

1st: Mexico’s Day of the Dead, All Saints Day

2nd: Birthday of Wiccan author Sirona Knight

6th: Full moon

11th: Veteran’s Day

14th: Last Quarter Moon

22nd: New Moon

24th: Celtic Tree Month of Reed ends

25th: Celtic Tree Month of Elder begins

28th: Thanksgiving day (United States)

29th: First Quarter Moon

30th: Birthday of Oberon Zell-Ravenheart, founder of Church of All Worlds, Festival of Hecate Trivia

December

6th: Full moon – Long Nights Moon at 7:27 am, Krampusnacht

14th: Last Quarter Moon

17th: Beginning of Saturnalia

21st: Winter Solstice or Yule, Litha (Southern Hemisphere)

22nd: New Moon, Celtic Tree Month of Elder ends

20th: Celtic Tree Month of Birch begins

21st: Winter Starts

22nd: New Moon

25th: Christmas Day, Feast of Frau Holle, Germanic goddess

28th: First Quarter Moon

31st: Festival of Hogmanay, New years eve